Rare Monkeypox virus cases Reported in U.S., U.K., Europe 2022

The first case of confirmed Rare Monkeypox virus cases in the United States this year recently traveled to Canada health officials announced Wednesday, as concerns grow about the spread of the disease in several countries.

The Massachusetts Department of Public Health released an announcement that a male adult confirmed positively for the disease Tuesday. This was confirmed on Wednesday by the U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

The department didn’t say the location in Canada the suspect traveled to or the date he traveled. The incident does not pose any danger to the public, the officials said however, contact tracing is in progress.

The Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) has confirmed that no cases of monkeypox had been reported to the agency by Wednesday evening.

However the doctor. Don Vinh, a microbiologist at McGill University in Montreal, said to Global News he was aware of seven cases suspected of the disease, all within Montreal and he was trying to confirm.

PHAC will not confirm whether it was informed of the suspected cases or those that was confirmed in Massachusetts.

Global News has reached out to Montreal Public Health and other important units of public health for more details.

The B.C. The Centre for Disease Control confirmed no cases of the disease have been reported to date in British Columbia.

Rare Monkeypox virus cases confirmed in Massachusetts Department of Public Health

The Rare Monkeypox virus cases are spreading in three countries: the United Kingdom, Portugal, and Spain. The number of cases is tiny, with just 36 suspected cases have been reported across three countries, with eight cases in England and twenty in Portugal. An instance within the U.S. has also been identified.

However, health officials have no information about the location where people contracted the virus that causes monkeypox. The virus is spreading through the entire community, unnoticed and perhaps by a different route of transmission.

“This [outbreak] is rare and unusual,” epidemiologist Susan Hopkins, who’s the chief medical advisor of the U.K. Health Security Agency (UKHSA), said in a statement Monday.

“Exactly where and how they [the people] acquired their infections remains under urgent investigation,” the agency stated in its statement.

Monkeypox virus
image credit: abpnews.com

Monkeypox is a serious illness that can cause discomfort, fever as well as enlarged lymph nodes. finally “pox,” or painful fluid-filled blisters on the hands, face, and feet. The most severe form of monkeypox can be extremely fatal and kills as much as 10% of those who are infected. The current version being used in England is less severe. The rate of fatalities is less than 1percent. The typical resolution time is about two or four weeks.

Most often, people contract monkeypox in animals from West Africa or central Africa and transfer it to countries that don’t have the disease. Transmission from person to person isn’t very common because it requires intimate contact with bodily fluids, for example, the coughing fluid or pus from lesions. Therefore, the risk to people, in general, is very low according to it says the U.K. health agency notes.

However, in England seven of the 8 cases aren’t linked to the recent trip to Africa This suggests that the patients in those cases were infected with this virus within England. In addition, the patients haven’t come into contact with the single patient that was reported to have been to Nigeria according to the UKHSA released on Tuesday. In conjunction, these data suggest that the virus is spreading throughout the community, undetected.

“Presumably this is cryptic spread from an imported case(s),” the virologist Angie Rasmussen of the Vaccine and Infectious Disease Organization tweeted on Monday.

In the U.S., the patient in Massachusetts was not traveling recently across countries where this disease is prevalent, however, she had been to Canada.

Researchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are monitoring the spread in Europe closely. “We do have a level of concern that this is very different than what we typically think of from monkeypox,” Jennifer McQuiston, one of the senior CDC officials, told the health news website STAT on Tuesday.

In the year 2019, it was announced that 2019, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the first monkeypox vaccine that also shields against smallpox. “This vaccine is also part of the Strategic National Stockpile (SNS), the nation’s largest supply of potentially life-saving pharmaceuticals and medical supplies for use in a public health emergency that is severe enough to cause local supplies to be depleted,” the agency stated in a press announcement.
A guide to monkeypox

Rare Monkeypox virus cases detected in several European Country

What is the most known about monkeypox? How dangerous is it when compared to another emerging virus?

In 2017 Goats and Soda interviewed two monkeypox experts– Anne Rimoin from the University of California, Los Angeles, and Jay Hooper of the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases –to learn more.

Here are some questions we asked, as well as some of their unexpected answers, updated to reflect the current state of the most recent cases.

Where did it originate? Monkeys?

No!

“The name is actually a little bit of a misnomer,” Rimoin states. Maybe it should be referred to as “rodentpox” instead.

The term “monkeypox” comes from the first cases that were documented of the disease, which occurred in the year 1958 after two outbreaks were reported in monkey colonies that were kept for research purposes The CDC declares on its site.

The monkeys, however, aren’t major carriers. It’s more likely that the virus persists in rats, squirrels, pouched rodents dormice, or any other rodent.

Do you recognize it?

Primarily, it is caused by an animal scratch, bite, or contact with an animal’s bodily fluids. The virus then spreads to other people via coughing and sneezing, or contact with pus from lesions.

The lesions that result from monkeypox are identical to those that result from an infection with smallpox.

“But it doesn’t spread very well between people,” Hooper declares. “Its infection rate is much lower than that of smallpox.” In most cases, it is not possible to transmit the virus to others.

Before this current outbreak, anyone suffering from monkeypox could carry the virus to one and zero people, on average. Therefore, previous outbreaks (up to now) were quickly extinguished.

“You have primary cases, in which people get monkeypox from an animal, and they may transmit the disease a few generations — but then that’s it,” she declares. “The outbreaks tend to be self-limiting.”

“There is no evidence, to date, that person-to-person transmission alone can sustain monkeypox infections in the human population,” the World Health Organization’s website states.

Scientists aren’t certain whether the rate of transmission has increased during this current outbreak. If there’s a higher rate of transmission, it could be the reason behind why the current outbreak is believed to have spread throughout the three cities of the community.

Was there ever an epidemic anywhere in the U.S.?

“There already was!” Hooper says. “But it was quickly contained.”

The monkeypox virus was discovered in 2003. took an excursion with a group that brought animals that came from Ghana and then Illinois. Numerous giant pouched rats, as well as squirrels, were tested positive for the disease and later spread the virus to prairie dogs which were being used as pets in several Midwestern states according to the CDC states in its website.

47 people contracted the disease from prairie dogs. All recovered. Then, no one passed the illness to anyone else.

Is monkeypox a “new” virus?

No. The virus has been spreading throughout the millennia and even centuries, Rimoin says. For a long period, doctors did not notice the outbreaks.

Monkeypox is closely linked to smallpox. “They are clinically indistinguishable,” Rimoin states. “So for centuries, doctors have likely mistaken monkeypox for smallpox.”

Then, in the 1970s the world was on its way to eliminating smallpox. Cases plummeted. Then doctors in central Africa noticed a new disease that resembled smallpox but was not as prevalent among people. It was called monkeypox.

There are a variety of other smallpox-related viruses including camelpox as well as cowpox. “I would be more worried about camelpox than monkeypox,” Rimoin states, “because that’s closer on the genetic tree to smallpox.”

Are we really facing an increasing risk? Or are we just better at detecting it?

An of both, Rimoin says.

In the year 2010 Rimoin as well as her associates revealed that monkeypox was up 14 times in the Democratic Republic of Congo since the 1980s. The incidence increased from less than one case for every 10,000 to fourteen cases for every 10,000.

The cause for this increase can be seen as ironic, the elimination of smallpox.

The smallpox vaccination actually works effectively to safeguard individuals from monkeypox. It’s 90% efficient (although the smallpox vaccine may come with some risks, as Hooper points out: “It’s a live virus and can cause a deadly infection in people with severely compromised immune systems”).

However, after the world eliminated smallpox in the 1970s, nations were unable to vaccinate children. If they were vaccination-free earlier in their lives the protection they received has likely decreased as time passed, Hooper says.

“So now there’s this growing population of people who don’t have immunity to monkeypox,” the doctor states. “And when you do have an outbreak, it’s likely to be bigger because fewer people in the community are protected.”

The result is that small cases of monkeypox that occur in West Africa and central Africa have now been accompanied by hundreds of cases rather than only one or two cases, Hooper says.

In the Democratic Republic of Congo, the number of cases per year has risen to the thousands. In the year 2000, there were almost 4,600 suspected cases according to the study released in February.

Could the virus be more easily transmissible, and therefore become a greater threat to the world?

“Oh, yes,” Hooper says. “Every time there’s an outbreak — and the more people get infected — the more chances monkeypox has to adapt to people,” Hooper says.

That is, the longer the virus is within people, the longer time it takes to grow. It may be able to figure out how to spread quickly within the population.

Therefore, scientists keep a close watch on the outbreaks of the virus that may occur, particularly in the event that the virus seems to alter the route it uses for transmission, such as is occurring during the present outbreak. source

“We didn’t think Ebola spread very easily between people,” Hooper adds. “And we were all surprised that health care workers could catch it even though they were wearing protective gear.”

Many researchers didn’t believe that SARS-CoV-2 the coronavirus that triggers COVID-19 disease, could change to make it more infectious however that’s exactly what’s happened in the last two years. SARS-CoV-2 mutated from a virus that was about as infectious as the flu virus to one that’s nearly as infectious like the more easily transmissible chickenpox virus.

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